The decimals Reference Manual

Table of Contents

Next: , Previous: , Up: (dir)   [Contents][Index]

The decimals Reference Manual

This is the decimals Reference Manual, generated automatically by Declt version 2.4 "Will Decker" on Wed Jun 20 11:03:25 2018 GMT+0.


Next: , Previous: , Up: Top   [Contents][Index]

1 Introduction

Decimals

A decimal number parser and formatting package for Common Lisp

Introduction

This Common Lisp package offers functions for parsing and formatting decimal numbers. Package's main interface are functions parse-decimal-number and format-decimal-number. The former is for parsing strings for decimal numbers and the latter for pretty-printing them as strings. See Interface (API) for the full documentation of the public programming interface. Here are some examples.

Parsing

DECIMALS> (parse-decimal-number "0.24")
6/25


DECIMALS> (parse-decimal-number "−12,345"
                                :decimal-separator #\,
                                :negative-sign #\−)
-2469/200

Formatting

DECIMALS> (format-decimal-number -100/6 :round-magnitude -3)
"-16.667"
("-" "16" "." "667")


DECIMALS> (loop for e from -5 upto 5
                do (print (format-decimal-number
                           (expt 10 e) :round-magnitude -5
                           :decimal-separator ","
                           :integer-minimum-width 7
                           :integer-group-separator " "
                           :fractional-minimum-width 7
                           :fractional-group-separator " ")))

"      0,000 01"
"      0,000 1 "
"      0,001   "
"      0,01    "
"      0,1     "
"      1       "
"     10       "
"    100       "
"  1 000       "
" 10 000       "
"100 000       "
NIL


DECIMALS> (loop for m from -3 upto 3
                do (print (format-decimal-number
                           2000/3 :round-magnitude m
                           :integer-minimum-width 4
                           :fractional-minimum-width 4)))

" 666.667"
" 666.67 "
" 666.7  "
" 667    "
" 670    "
" 700    "
"1000    "
NIL

Author and license

Author: Teemu Likonen <tlikonen@iki.fi>

PGP: 4E10 55DC 84E9 DFF6 13D7 8557 719D 69D3 2453 9450

License: Public domain

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Interface (API)

Condition: decimal-parse-error

Function parse-decimal-number signals this condition when it couldn't parse a decimal number from string.

Macro: define-decimal-formatter

The lambda list:

 (name &body keyword-arguments)

Define a decimal number formatter function to use with the ~/ directive of cl:format. The valid format is this:

(define-decimal-formatter name
  (:keyword form)
  ...)

Name is the symbol that names the function. Keyword must be a valid keyword argument for the format-decimal-number function (see its documentation for more information). Form is evaluated and the value is used with the keyword argument. Macro's side effect is that global function name is defined. It can be used with the ~/ directive of cl:format function.

Examples:

(define-decimal-formatter my-formatter
  (:round-magnitude -6)
  (:decimal-separator ",")
  (:integer-group-separator " ")
  (:integer-minimum-width 4)
  (:fractional-group-separator " ")
  (:fractional-minimum-width 10)
  (:show-trailing-zeros t))
=> MY-FORMATTER

(format nil "~/my-formatter/" 10/6)
=> "   1,666 667  "

(format nil "~/my-formatter/" 100/8)
=> "  12,500 000  "

The ~/ directive function call can optionally take up to three arguments to override the defaults:

~round-magnitude,integer-minimum-width,fractional-minimum-width/FUNCTION/

For example:

(format nil "~-2,3,4/my-formatter/" 10/6)
=> "  1,67 "

Function: format-decimal-number

The lambda list:

 (number &key (round-magnitude 0)
  (rounder #'round-half-away-from-zero) (decimal-separator #\.)
  (integer-group-separator nil) (integer-group-digits 3)
  (integer-minimum-width 0) (integer-pad-char #\ )
  (fractional-group-separator nil) (fractional-group-digits 3)
  (fractional-minimum-width 0) (fractional-pad-char #\ )
  (show-trailing-zeros nil) (positive-sign nil) (negative-sign #\-)
  (zero-sign nil))

Apply specified decimal number formatting rules to number and return a formatted string.

The second return value is (almost) the same formatted string divided into four strings. It's a list of four strings: sign, integer part, decimal separator and fractional part. Formatting arguments integer-minimum-width and fractional-minimum-width do not apply to the second return value. Everything else does.

Number must be of type real. This function uses rational types internally. If the given number is a float it is first turned into rational by calling cl:rational.

Formatting rules are specified with keyword arguments, as described below. The default value is in parentheses.

Function: parse-decimal-number

The lambda list:

 (string &key (decimal-separator #\.) (positive-sign #\+)
         (negative-sign #\-) (start 0) (end nil))

Examine string (or its substring from start to end) for a decimal number. Assume that the decimal number is exact and return it as a rational number.

Rules for parsing: First all leading and trailing #\Space characters are stripped. The resulting string may start with a positive-sign or a negative-sign character. The latter causes this function to assume a negative number. The following characters in the string must include one or more digit characters and it may include one decimal-separator character which separates integer and fractional parts. All other characters are illegal. If these rules are not met a decimal-parse-error condition is signaled.

Examples:

(parse-decimal-number "0.2")  => 1/5
(parse-decimal-number ".2")   => 1/5
(parse-decimal-number "+3.")  => 3
(parse-decimal-number " -7 ") => -7

(parse-decimal-number "−12,345"
                      :decimal-separator #\,
                      :negative-sign #\−)
=> -2469/200

Function: round-half-away-from-zero

The lambda list:

 (number &optional (divisor 1))

Divide number by divisor and round the result to the nearest integer. If the result is half-way between two integers round away from zero. Two values are returned: quotient and remainder.

This is similar to cl:round function except that cl:round rounds to an even integer when number is exactly between two integers. Examples:

(round-half-away-from-zero 3/2) => 2, -1/2
(round 3/2)                     => 2, -1/2

(round-half-away-from-zero 5/2) => 3, -1/2
(round 5/2)                     => 2

Next: , Previous: , Up: Top   [Contents][Index]

2 Systems

The main system appears first, followed by any subsystem dependency.


Previous: , Up: Systems   [Contents][Index]

2.1 decimals

Author

Teemu Likonen <tlikonen@iki.fi>

License

Public Domain

Description

Decimal number parser and formatter

Source

decimals.asd (file)

Component

decimals.lisp (file)


Next: , Previous: , Up: Top   [Contents][Index]

3 Files

Files are sorted by type and then listed depth-first from the systems components trees.


Previous: , Up: Files   [Contents][Index]

3.1 Lisp


Next: , Previous: , Up: Lisp files   [Contents][Index]

3.1.1 decimals.asd

Location

decimals.asd

Systems

decimals (system)


Previous: , Up: Lisp files   [Contents][Index]

3.1.2 decimals/decimals.lisp

Parent

decimals (system)

Location

decimals.lisp

Packages

decimals

Exported Definitions
Internal Definitions

Next: , Previous: , Up: Top   [Contents][Index]

4 Packages

Packages are listed by definition order.


Previous: , Up: Packages   [Contents][Index]

4.1 decimals

Source

decimals.lisp (file)

Use List

common-lisp

Exported Definitions
Internal Definitions

Next: , Previous: , Up: Top   [Contents][Index]

5 Definitions

Definitions are sorted by export status, category, package, and then by lexicographic order.


Next: , Previous: , Up: Definitions   [Contents][Index]

5.1 Exported definitions


Next: , Previous: , Up: Exported definitions   [Contents][Index]

5.1.1 Macros

Macro: define-decimal-formatter NAME &body KEYWORD-ARGUMENTS

Define a decimal number formatter function to use with the ‘~/‘
directive of ‘cl:format‘. The valid format is this:

(define-decimal-formatter name
(:keyword form)
...)

_Name_ is the symbol that names the function. _Keyword_ must be a valid keyword argument for the ‘format-decimal-number‘ function (see its documentation for more information). _Form_ is evaluated and the value
is used with the _keyword_ argument. Macro’s side effect is that global function _name_ is defined. It can be used with the ‘~/‘ directive of ‘cl:format‘ function.

Examples:

(define-decimal-formatter my-formatter
(:round-magnitude -6)
(:decimal-separator ",")
(:integer-group-separator " ")
(:integer-minimum-width 4)
(:fractional-group-separator " ")
(:fractional-minimum-width 10)
(:show-trailing-zeros t))
=> MY-FORMATTER

(format nil "~/my-formatter/" 10/6)
=> " 1,666 667 "

(format nil "~/my-formatter/" 100/8)
=> " 12,500 000 "

The ‘~/‘ directive function call can optionally take up to three arguments to override the defaults:

~round-magnitude,integer-minimum-width,fractional-minimum-width/FUNCTION/

For example:

(format nil "~-2,3,4/my-formatter/" 10/6)
=> " 1,67 "

Package

decimals

Source

decimals.lisp (file)


Next: , Previous: , Up: Exported definitions   [Contents][Index]

5.1.2 Functions

Function: format-decimal-number NUMBER &key ROUND-MAGNITUDE ROUNDER DECIMAL-SEPARATOR INTEGER-GROUP-SEPARATOR INTEGER-GROUP-DIGITS INTEGER-MINIMUM-WIDTH INTEGER-PAD-CHAR FRACTIONAL-GROUP-SEPARATOR FRACTIONAL-GROUP-DIGITS FRACTIONAL-MINIMUM-WIDTH FRACTIONAL-PAD-CHAR SHOW-TRAILING-ZEROS POSITIVE-SIGN NEGATIVE-SIGN ZERO-SIGN

Apply specified decimal number formatting rules to _number_ and return a formatted string.

The second return value is (almost) the same formatted string divided into four strings. It’s a list of four strings: sign, integer part, decimal separator and fractional part. Formatting arguments _integer-minimum-width_ and _fractional-minimum-width_ do not apply to the second return value. Everything else does.

_Number_ must be of type ‘real‘. This function uses ‘rational‘ types internally. If the given _number_ is a ‘float‘ it is first turned into ‘rational‘ by calling ‘cl:rational‘.

Formatting rules are specified with keyword arguments, as described below. The default value is in parentheses.

* ‘round-magnitude (0)‘

This is the order of magnitude used for rounding. The value must be an integer and it is interpreted as a power of 10.

* ‘show-trailing-zeros (nil)‘

If the value is non-nil print all trailing zeros in fractional part. Examples:

(format-decimal-number 1/5 :round-magnitude -3 :show-trailing-zeros nil)
=> "0.2"

(format-decimal-number 1/5 :round-magnitude -3 :show-trailing-zeros t)
=> "0.200"

* ‘rounder (#’round-half-away-from-zero)‘

The value must be a function (or a symbol naming a function). It is used to round the number to the specified round magnitude. The function must work like ‘cl:truncate‘, ‘cl:floor‘, ‘cl:ceiling‘ and ‘cl:round‘, that is, take two arguments, a number and a divisor, and return the quotient as the first value.

This package introduces another rounding function, ‘round-half-away-from-zero‘, which is used by default. See its documentation for more information.

* ‘decimal-separator (#\.)‘

If the value is non-nil the ‘princ‘ output of the value will be added between integer and fractional parts. Probably the most useful types are ‘character‘ and ‘string‘.

* ‘integer-group-separator (nil)‘
* ‘fractional-group-separator (nil)‘

If the value is non-nil the digits in integer or fractional parts are put in groups. The ‘princ‘ output of the value will be added between digit groups.

* ‘integer-group-digits (3)‘
* ‘fractional-group-digits (3)‘

The value is a positive integer defining the number of digits in groups.

* ‘integer-minimum-width (0)‘
* ‘fractional-minimum-width (0)‘

Format integer or fractional part using minimum of this amount of characters, possibly using some padding characters (see below). _positive-sign_, _negative-sign_ or _zero-sign_ (see below) is included when calculating the width of the integer part. Similarly _decimal-separator_ is included when calculating the width of the fractional part.

* ‘integer-pad-char (#\Space)‘
* ‘fractional-pad-char (#\Space)‘

The value is the padding character which is used to fill _integer-minimum-width_ or _fractional-minimum-width_.

* ‘positive-sign (nil)‘
* ‘negative-sign (#\-)‘
* ‘zero-sign (nil)‘

If values are non-nil these are used as the leading sign for positive, negative and zero numbers. The ‘princ‘ output of the value is used.

Package

decimals

Source

decimals.lisp (file)

Function: parse-decimal-number STRING &key DECIMAL-SEPARATOR POSITIVE-SIGN NEGATIVE-SIGN START END

Examine _string_ (or its substring from _start_ to _end_) for a decimal number. Assume that the decimal number is exact and return it as a rational number.

Rules for parsing: First all leading and trailing ‘#\Space‘ characters are stripped. The resulting string may start with a _positive-sign_ or a _negative-sign_ character. The latter causes this function to assume a negative number. The following characters in the string must include one or more digit characters and it may include one _decimal-separator_ character which separates integer and fractional parts. All other characters are illegal. If these rules are not met a ‘decimal-parse-error‘ condition is signaled.

Examples:

(parse-decimal-number "0.2") => 1/5
(parse-decimal-number ".2") => 1/5
(parse-decimal-number "+3.") => 3
(parse-decimal-number " -7 ") => -7

(parse-decimal-number "−12,345"
:decimal-separator #\,
:negative-sign #\−)
=> -2469/200

Package

decimals

Source

decimals.lisp (file)

Function: round-half-away-from-zero NUMBER &optional DIVISOR

Divide _number_ by _divisor_ and round the result to the nearest integer. If the result is half-way between two integers round away from zero. Two values are returned: quotient and remainder.

This is similar to ‘cl:round‘ function except that ‘cl:round‘ rounds to an even integer when number is exactly between two integers. Examples:

(round-half-away-from-zero 3/2) => 2, -1/2
(round 3/2) => 2, -1/2

(round-half-away-from-zero 5/2) => 3, -1/2
(round 5/2) => 2, 1/2

Package

decimals

Source

decimals.lisp (file)


Previous: , Up: Exported definitions   [Contents][Index]

5.1.3 Conditions

Condition: decimal-parse-error ()

Function ‘parse-decimal-number‘ signals this condition when it couldn’t parse a decimal number from string.

Package

decimals

Source

decimals.lisp (file)

Direct superclasses

parse-error (condition)


Previous: , Up: Definitions   [Contents][Index]

5.2 Internal definitions


Previous: , Up: Internal definitions   [Contents][Index]

5.2.1 Functions

Function: decimal-round-split NUMBER &key ROUND-MAGNITUDE ROUNDER POSITIVE-SIGN NEGATIVE-SIGN ZERO-SIGN
Package

decimals

Source

decimals.lisp (file)

Function: divide-into-groups STRING &key SEPARATOR FROM-END GROUP-DIGITS
Package

decimals

Source

decimals.lisp (file)

Function: number-string-to-fractional STRING
Package

decimals

Source

decimals.lisp (file)

Function: number-string-to-integer STRING
Package

decimals

Source

decimals.lisp (file)

Function: string-align STRING WIDTH &key SIDE CHAR
Package

decimals

Source

decimals.lisp (file)


Previous: , Up: Top   [Contents][Index]

Appendix A Indexes


Next: , Previous: , Up: Indexes   [Contents][Index]

A.1 Concepts

Jump to:   D   F   L  
Index Entry  Section

D
decimals.asd: The decimals<dot>asd file
decimals/decimals.lisp: The decimals/decimals<dot>lisp file

F
File, Lisp, decimals.asd: The decimals<dot>asd file
File, Lisp, decimals/decimals.lisp: The decimals/decimals<dot>lisp file

L
Lisp File, decimals.asd: The decimals<dot>asd file
Lisp File, decimals/decimals.lisp: The decimals/decimals<dot>lisp file

Jump to:   D   F   L  

Next: , Previous: , Up: Indexes   [Contents][Index]

A.2 Functions

Jump to:   D   F   M   N   P   R   S  
Index Entry  Section

D
decimal-round-split: Internal functions
define-decimal-formatter: Exported macros
divide-into-groups: Internal functions

F
format-decimal-number: Exported functions
Function, decimal-round-split: Internal functions
Function, divide-into-groups: Internal functions
Function, format-decimal-number: Exported functions
Function, number-string-to-fractional: Internal functions
Function, number-string-to-integer: Internal functions
Function, parse-decimal-number: Exported functions
Function, round-half-away-from-zero: Exported functions
Function, string-align: Internal functions

M
Macro, define-decimal-formatter: Exported macros

N
number-string-to-fractional: Internal functions
number-string-to-integer: Internal functions

P
parse-decimal-number: Exported functions

R
round-half-away-from-zero: Exported functions

S
string-align: Internal functions

Jump to:   D   F   M   N   P   R   S  

Next: , Previous: , Up: Indexes   [Contents][Index]

A.3 Variables


Previous: , Up: Indexes   [Contents][Index]

A.4 Data types

Jump to:   C   D   P   S  
Index Entry  Section

C
Condition, decimal-parse-error: Exported conditions

D
decimal-parse-error: Exported conditions
decimals: The decimals system
decimals: The decimals package

P
Package, decimals: The decimals package

S
System, decimals: The decimals system

Jump to:   C   D   P   S